5 December 2009
4 December 2009
4 December 2009
Les dejamos el primer episodio de vampire knigth para quien lo desee ver ^.^
4 December 2009
Joseph Jérôme Lefrançois de Lalande
July 11, 1732
Joseph Jérôme Lefrançois de Lalande was born in the French town of Bourg-en-Bresse While his parents sent him to Paris to study law. When your friend Lemonnier got permission to make lunar observations, I invite both and Lalande joined the expedition led by Lacaille at the Cape of Good Hope.
Lalande study law, and their stay at Hotel Cluny coincided Delisle And soon I was learning astronomy and notable for being a model student with students Delise favorite Pierre Lemonnier. Full Lalande, however, studied law in Paris and practiced in his hometown as a lawyer.
Gradually it became a popular astronomer and his home became a makeshift workshop in his students was Delambre, Giuseppe Piazzi, Pierre Méchain, and his own grandson Michel Lalande. DUE to the publications issued in connection with the transit of Venus in 1769 received a good deal of fame, his grief was terrible personality relaxes some of its popularity
René Descartes was born March 31, 1596
He lived in La Haye en Touraine, near Poitiers.
He was a philosopher, French mathematician and scientist. It is considered the pioneer of modern philosophy and the creator of the notion of subject. In 1641 he wrote “The Meditations, trying to build his Metaphysics of Understanding with the method. Was based on the critical issue and believes that only had a sure thing, certainty of Existence by thought (cogito, ergo sum: I think, therefore I am ). I am, said Descartes, as I think. I’m thinking a reality and, indeed, only one thing can not be false: his existence. In the same study design declare that if the definition of a perfect being, its a Existence The conclusion is clear. His book The Principles was written in 1644. In 1649, his Traité des passions de l’âme, and in 1701, the announcement Directionem Regulae ingenii. He wrote in Latin, like most thinkers of his > Que es Dios, Las Dos Sustancias” style=”BACKGROUND-COLOR: #ebeff9″ onmouseout=”this.style.backgroundColor=’#fff'”><res time but also in French, one of the first French prose and philosophy Growers in the vernacular. The physical world is determined by the extent of Descartes. Along with <infinita>> What is God, the two substances Finite son, man and the world. How is the reality you have no contacts or similar, there is a problem of communication, concluding it must be that God has made possible the communication of substances. Moreover, for Descartes , The animals are pure automatons, machines. Cameras, of course, more perfect, as made by God, but not spiritual substance seems to think and is the man. Descartes based his speculation on the criterion of evidence, the evidence of reason. His method is, therefore, rationalism. Man is a thinking substance.
Freud was born on 6 May 1856 in Freiberg, Moravia.
When I was still a child, his family moved to Vienna a cause of anti-Semitic riots. In 1938, after the annexation of Austria by Nazi Germany, Freud escaped with his family to the United Nations with England Financial Help your patient and family, Marie Bonaparte.
Freud Innovo into two camps. Simultaneously developed a theory of mind and human behavior, and a therapeutic technique for people with mental health aid. Some of his followers claim to be influenced by one, but not by another field.
In his most famous work, The Interpretation of Dreams Freud explains the argument to promote the new model of the unconscious and develops a method to get access to it, Based on previous experience. As part of his theory, Freud also postulated the existence of a preconscious, which describes how the layer between the conscious and the unconscious. Repression, in turn, is of great importance in understanding the unconscious. According to Freud, people often experience thoughts and feelings that are so painful that can not stand it. These thoughts and feelings (like the memories associated with them) can not, according to him, be driven from the mind, but can be removed from the conscious to the unconscious part.
Alfred Adler was born in Vienna on February 7, 1870
He lived much of his life in Vienna, but died in 1937 in Aberdeen, Scotland, of a heart attack.
Austrian doctor and psychologist, a disciple of Sigmund Freud. Founder of the so-called individual psychology and forerunner of modern psychotherapy. Assigned first to the group of Freud, he left in 1911 to diverge at various points of psychoanalytic theory. Their basic concepts are those of nature, inferiority complex and conflict between the actual situation of the person and their aspirations.
Born on 23 February 1843 was a German philosopher.
Born in Berlin, and educated, with Miras military career, went into the Artillery Corps as an officer in 1860, but had to quit with a knee problem. After some hesitation between music or engage in philosophy is decided by the latter, and in 1887 earned a doctorate in philosophy from the University of Rostock. After that, back in Berlin and died in Grosslichterfelde.
He earned a reputation as a philosopher After his first book, The Philosophy of the Unconscious (1869). The success was mainly due to the originality of its title, The diversity of its contents by the methods of inductive science, the elegance of his pessimism and vigor and lucidity of his style. The concept of the unconscious, which von Hartmann describes as the ultimate metaphysical principle is not as paradoxical as it sounds, since it was a mysterious simplemtente name that was used by all German metaphysicians.
Von Hartmann was a pessimist. In his writings, individual happiness is unattainable either here and now or in the future, but not lost hope of liberating the unconscious of their suffering. It differs from Schopenhauer in making salvation, denying the will to live according to the United Nations and collective social effort No individual asceticism. The conception of a redemption of the unconscious also constitutes the foundation of ethics von Hartmann. We must provisionally affirm life, and dedicate ourselves to social evolution rather than pursue happiness impossible. Thus we find that morality comes to life less unhappy than I could have been otherwise. Suicide and other forms of selfishness, are reprehensible. Epistemologically von Hartmann is a transcendental realist defends his views and criticisms of their opponents with wit. His realism enables him to maintain the reality of time, and therefore the process of redemption of the world.
Geisa Athanasius Kircher was born in Germany May 2, 1602
Tour of Europe to settle in Rome, which does not move until his death, with the exception of an important trip to Naples, Sicily and Malta for the study of volcanism.
Athanasius Kircher, a German Jesuit thinker Versatile and striking. His fundamental work, Mundus subterraneus, is a development of theology permeated thinking, philosophy and science from a speculative and experimental imprint. This work exerted a considerable influence on European intellectual milieu of the late seventeenth century and first half of the eighteenth century. In Mundus subterraneus, Kircher tried to find “inside” the land surface, a possible answer to questions that beat in the surface thereof. In developing this intellectual attitude, Kircher developed Geocosmos category. To enter the fascinating world of speculation Kircheriano, here is an excellent article, great rigor, robustness and reliability, Leandro Sequeiros, PhD in Geology, (1974 University of Granada). Since 1996, Professor of Philosophy of Nature and Philosophy of Science at the Faculty of Theology of Granada.
In Athanasius Kircher, science, theology and philosophy, however, rendered within a nerve intellectual adventure alone.
Marie Curie, Marja Sklodowska
Born in Warsaw, Congress Poland, Russian Empire, where he lived until age 24. In 1891 he moved to Paris to continue his studies. He founded the Institut Curie in Paris and Warsaw.
chemistry and physics was a Pole, subsequently, French citizenship. A pioneer in the field of radioactivity, was the first person to receive two Nobel Prizes and the first woman professor at the University of Paris.
The chemistry and physics was a Pole, subsequently, French citizenship. It pioneered the field of radioactivity, was the first person to receive two Nobel Prizes and the first woman professor at the University of Paris.
Born February 11, 1847
Thomas Alva Edison was born in Milan (Ohio), his family emigrated from Amsterdam in the 1830s and settled in the Passaic River in New Jersey. After a while, moved to Canada to reside in Bangham, in the area of Lake Erie.
Important was a businessman and a prolific inventor who patented more than a thousand inventions (in adulthood invention each fortnight) and I help both in Europe and America, the technology profiles of the contemporary world: the electrical industry, a telephone system viable, the phonograph, cinema, etc. Edison devised a very simple mechanical counting of votes in 1868. You could put on the table for each representative, had two buttons, one for the UN vote in favor and one vote. Process patent for the Edison contract attorney Carroll D. Wright. The instrument is brought before a congressional committee in Washington. There, the verdict was blunt but honest, “Young man, if there is any invention on earth that we want here is not exactly yours. One of our main concerns is to prevent voting fraud, and its apparatus would simply not help us. “
In 396 B.C. He made a ten-year journey to Egypt and various parts of Africa and Italy.
EN 388 B.C. traveled to Sicily and Syracuse, where he wanted to influence the políticade Dinis and learned a lot of forms of government that is formed later in The Republic, its political manifestations, which in some cases were Irreverentes with the ruling class, which led to jail.
In 361 BC, After regaining his freedom, Plato bought a farm on the outskirts of Athens where fdeshacer a center specializing in the philosophical and cultural activity, that the call of the Academy. Plato died in 347 BC C., devoted his last years of life to give educators in the academy of Natal.
He is one of the greatest philosophers of antiquity Humanity, History of Western philosophy and the most prodigious of encyclopedic author has frieze.
He was the inventor of formal logic, economics, astronomy, the precursor of the anatomy and biology of the UN and creator of taxonomy (is considered the father of botany and zoology). Aristotle is considered (along with Plato) as the determining factor in much of the corpus of Western thought, belief, common man
Death Chalkis Evia, Greece, 322 BC C.
Born in Rabat, Morocco, 1937
He is a philosopher, French dramatist and novelist.
He studied philosophy at the Ecole Normale Supérieure in Paris between 1956 and 1961.
His major work Being and Event, which maintains that mathematics is the real ontology, or “science of being as an entity. In 2006 published the second part, Logique des mondes. L’être et l’événement.
It was an American philosopher. Rorty attended the University of Chicago and the University of Yale University. He spent the beginning of his career trying to reconcile their beliefs and personal interests with the Platonic search for truth.
His most notable ideas were ironically Postfilosofía epistemological behaviorism
It was a German soldier and politician Austrian-born leader, ideologue and founder of the German National Socialist Party of Workers
He came to power during a period of serious economic, political and social, accentuated by the effects of the Great Depression of 1929 and the popular discontent and frustration in Germany after the defeat in the First World War. Throughout his political mandate of the State uses propaganda and charismatic oratory to convince the masses, emphasizing his opposition to the Treaty of Versailles in 1919, Jews, pacifism and the international community, particularly the Soviet Union, Bolshevik and militarism while highlighting the German nationalism, racism, the preservation of so-called Aryan race, the Pan-Germanism and Annexation or recovery of the European territories lost after the First World War by the German Empire.
He died on April 30, 1945
Guitar Hero is a music game made by Harmonix Music Systems and published by RedOctane for PlayStation 2. The game includes a controller shaped like a Gibson SG electric guitar used in place of a conventional control, which has buttons that simulate the frets, a driver that simulates a vibrato lever and the sensor of the United Nations for special activities. The DualShock 2 can be used to replace the frets on the button R1, R2, L1, L2, and X. The game was released in November 2005 and has enjoyed great success with audiences and critics.
It was published in 2006 a sequel (Guitar Hero II) for PlayStation 2 and Xbox 360.
Halo: Combat Evolved (commonly known as Halo or Halo 1) is a console first-person shooter developed by Bungie Studios and published by Microsoft Game Studios for Xbox, Windows computers and Mac OS X. Notably, the Academy of Interactive Arts and Sciences in 2002 in its fifth edition of his award as the best game of the year.  It is also considered one of the best games of the year for PC in 2003  so far sold over 10 million copies in the market remains one of the most prolific selling games in history. A list of prizes.
This is an arcade game developed by Nintendo in 1983 for the arcades and later ported to several platforms, such as the NES or Atari 2600.
It was the second appearance of Mario, and the first to appear with the name that has since appeared in Donkey Kong to name Jumpman (Springer). Equally important is the first appearance of his brother Luigi.
Rock Band is a video of Harmonix Music Systems, published by MTV Games and distributed by Electronic Arts. It is available for the Xbox 360, PS3, Wii and PS2. Rock Band offers players an opportunity to be part of a gang of up to four players / players, using three instruments at once (a guitar-shaped peripheral for guitar strings, one for bass / rhythm guitar, and drums) while another player can take a microphone and sing.
Soul Calibur is a fighting game series and the name of his second game company Namco (also creator of the Tekken series), based on fighting with weapons. It has four games to date, starting in 1995 with Soul Edge. In 1999 he released the game Soul Calibur for Dreamcast, a game that always, as the title of the series.
The new name of the series is taken from the sword Soul Calibur included in the story, the exact opposite of Soul Edge that is always ahead.
Ajedrez (inventores o inventor)
Despite its uncertain origins, are known to have been brought to Spain by Arabs. The first reference in the West is the Book of the Olympics, had in the s. XIII by Alfonso X the Wise, who perfected the chess almost as it is today. The first modern chess book can be a letter of Francesch Vicent, printed and published in Valencia in the fifteenth century under the title Free partits jochs dels dels schacs on behalf of 100, and compost, sorted by nat in my e Francesch Vincent de Segorbe criat la ciutat vehicles and distinguished and courageous ciutat de Valencia.  shows the first games with a lady with similar movements to which this piece has today. The lady who was replaced in this new game to a much weaker piece called alferza, which until then was standing beside the king. This substitution, which gives much more power on each side had won at chess alferza spectacular new and each time is eliminated. So in fact it is considered that the introduction of modern women’s movement is leading chess as we understand it today. In Spain, modern chess, with Donna, was taken to Italy, France and other countries.
Before Alfonso X the Wise, there is no written record of the testament of Armengol Count I (1010) in which he says he bequeathed his chess board and pieces for the convent of Sant ‘Egidio.
John Logie Baird
The sensitivity reluctantly all their lives and isolation at the Royal Academy, was one of the pioneers of television, creating the electromechanical system scan of the image (or electromechanical television) based on the Nipkow disk.
In 1922 he investigated the possibility of transmitting images remotely, in 1924 managed to convey the flickering image of a Maltese cross and in 1926, 26 January, a public demonstration held in London, the first of your system before a group of scientists: puppet doll Old Bill, was the first to be shown on a television screen. The image had a resolution of only 25 lines and was tiny, but the face was perfectly recognizable.
In 1927 he obtained through a telephone wire to transmit a television signal between Glasgow and London and founded the same year, the Baird Television Development Company Ltd, with the idea of commercializing the invention. That same year, in April, USA Bell Lab shows a TV screen (or receiver) 2,500 giant picture elements: a framework consisting of 50 columns of 50 neon lamps each, can display moving images on large format. Although the bulbs have melted and had to be replaced, was able to demonstrate the feasibility of the invention in a great format.
In 1928 he managed to convey images of London to New York via radio signals and also the Atlantic, aboard an ocean liner: it was created by a small television station on board.
In 1929 its mechanical scanning system of 240 lines was adopted experimentally by the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). In 1930 he was traded to the spectacular development of the invention, the television model Plessey to British viewers (estimated at around 3,000) can still experimental broadcasts of the time, the more adventurous could mount its own receptor, the purchase of a spare parts kit.
Football as we know it today, originated in the United Kingdom. England is the birthplace of modern football, but since time immemorial exist in almost all cultural and people everywhere are very similar to football games.
Was a British editor and puzzle constructor in England and America. He invented the crossword puzzle in 1913.
While working at the New York World was asked to develop a new game for the newspaper. Wynne recalled a childhood game called magic squares. The first crossword puzzle was published on 21 December 1913.
At first it was called word-cross, with its diamond-shaped structure and without the characteristic black boxes. Modified Shortly after becoming the crossword com we know it today with black squares.
In 1924 he published his first book of crosswords
The game has its origins in a game created by Maggie Elizabeth in 1903 and patented in 1904, called The Landlord’s Game. The game became popular in cities across the United States in the following years, being published in various forms and versions without control of their original author.
In 1935, Charles Darrow, an unemployed salesman domestic heaters southeastern Pennsylvania during the Great Depression of the thirties patented the Atlantic City version of the game under the name Monopoly. After a first attempt to sell the toy company Parker Brothers, started a small-scale production of the game that proved successful. Parker then called back to his door to take the game.
The company Parker Brothers, now Hasbro within the multinational, has maintained that the author of the game is only Charles Darrow (in 1935) for marketing reasons. But the original authorship Maggie Elizabeth (in 1903) and the origin and evolution of Monopoly previous games (all derived from The Landlord’s Game), has even been recognized by U.S. courts in the case of Parker v.. Ralph Anspach, during the long judicial process occurred between 1975 and 1986 following the publication of a board game called Anti-Monopoly.
Blaise Pascal was born June 19, 1623 in Clermont-Ferrand, Auvergne, France,
Blaise Pascal was born in Clermont-Ferrand, June 19, 1623, in the French region of Auvergne. In 1631, shortly after the death of his wife, Étienne Pascal Blaise Pope came to Paris along with her three children.
Blaise was a mathematician, physicist, French philosopher and theologian, considered the father of computers along with Charles Babbage. He was a child prodigy, educated by his father, a local judge.
His early works include the natural and applied sciences where he made important contributions to the invention and construction of mechanical calculators, studies the mathematical theory of probability, research on fluids and clarification of concepts such as pressure and vacuum by generalizing the work of Evangelista Torricelli. He also wrote in defense of the scientific method.
Pascal was a mathematician of the highest order. He helped create two major areas of research, wrote important treatises on projective geometry at sixteen, and later crossed correspondence with Pierre de Fermat on probability theory, strongly influencing the development of modern economics and social sciences. Continuing the work of Galileo and Torricelli, in 1646 refuted the Aristotelian theories insisting that nature abhors a vacuum, and their results caused much discussion before being generally accepted.
Gerda Taro or Pohorylle Gerta was born in Stuttgart, Germany on August 1, 1910
Gerda Taro was actually named Gerta Pohorylle, the daughter of Polish Jews. With the advent of the Nazis to power, after having suffered an arrest with a friend decided to flee to Paris.
In Paris he met by chance at Andre Friedman, a Hungarian Jew who tried to make a living as a photographer.
It was a pioneering photojournalist war, companion of Robert Capa, who died in a crash during the Spanish Civil War.
Alexander Fleming was born on August 6, 1881
Fleming was born in Ayrshire, Scotland and died in London, England, at age 74.
It was a Scottish scientist famous for discovering antimicrobial protein called lysozyme and antibiotic penicillin obtained from the fungus Penicillium chrysogenum.
He worked as a medical microbiologist at St. Mary Hospital in London until the beginning of the First World War. During the war was a military doctor in the fronts in France and was impressed by the high mortality caused by shrapnel wounds infected in hospitals. After the war he returned to St. Mary’s Hospital where he sought a new antiseptic strongly avoided the harsh agony caused by infected wounds.
Fleming was initiated in the Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite in 1909 at the Lodge No. 2682 St. Mary of London, and was inducted to the degree of master in the lodge Mercy, also from London, No. 3286.
El rey león
The Lion King is the thirty-second animated film produced by Disney Studios. It premiered on 24 June 1994.king. The Lion King is a musical whose songs were written by composer Elton John and lyricist Tim Rice. The soundtrack and one of his songs won the Oscar from the Academy of American cinema Simba is a lion cub successor to the throne. His uncle Scar, the royal family tries to trick you in order to hold onto power. With the help of the hyenas, Scar devises a wicked plan to kill Mufasa and Simba to believe he has. With the mentality of a child, scared and with a sense of guilt, Simba is banished from the kingdom thinking he killed his father. Chased by three hyenas, they intended to kill him in order of Scar, Simba flees into the jungle where he meets a meerkat (Timon) and a warthog (Pumba) that they rescue and adopt and those who quickly established friendship. They teach the philosophy of “Hakuna Matata” (live without worries). Meanwhile, everyone thinks that Simba is dead, and is therefore Scar who takes the throne.
Years later, Simba as an adult, Pumba rescues from being eaten by a lioness who happens to be Nala, his childhood friend who, surprised to see Simba alive, begs him to return to save the new king, Scar, which exercises power after his escape. The kingdom has become a real blunder, badly governed and no sustainability. At first, Simba is reluctant to help, afraid of the past and prefer to stay with their current lifestyle. But then, Simba meets Rafiki, a baboon, he speaks about his father. This is the moment when the soul of his father appears in the sky, telling him to remember who he is and where it comes. After the soul disappears Mufasa, Simba, along with Rafiki, reflects on what he should do so and immediately notify your home to claim the throne. Simba (who at first all confused with his father) is witnessing the decline of his kingdom and decides to act angry. It is at this point that Scar forces Simba to reveal the secret he kept all those years being responsible for the death of Mufasa. It submits that even if it was an accident, Scar takes, and with his hyenas, take you to the edge of a precipice, at the time a thunder falls on dry grassland and starts a fire. Simba slips and tries to stand with his front legs over the edge. Scar then takes him by his legs and then confesses that he was the real murderer of his father.
Enraged Simba jumps on Scar and forces him to confess publicly. After a final battle, the “life cycle” ends with the ascent to the throne (Pride Rock) from Simba, with the final shot in an epilogue that presents the new successor Rafiki knows what’s a girl, Kiara.
Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra
Supposed that was born on September 29, 1547, in Alcala de Henares and died on April 22, 1616 in Madrid, but was buried on 23 April and is popularly known as the date of his death.
By 1551, Pope Rodrigo de Cervantes by Miguel de Cervantes and his family moved to Valladolid. On debts, was imprisoned for several months and their property was seized. In 1556 he went to Cordoba to collect the legacy of Juan de Cervantes, the writer’s grandfather, to flee from creditors. It seems to have studied at Valladolid, Cordoba and Seville. It is also possible to study the Society of Jesus, as in the novel The Dialogue of the dogs developed a description of a Jesuit college seems an allusion to his student life.
Established in 1566 in Madrid. Assists the Study of the Villa, managed by the professor of grammar Juan Lopez de Hoyos, who in 1569 published a book on the illness and death of Queen Isabel de Valois, third wife of Philip II.
He was a soldier, novelist, poet and playwright Spanish. It is considered the greatest figure in Spanish literature. It is universally known, especially because he wrote The Ingenious Hidalgo Don Quixote de la Mancha, which many critics have described as the first modern novel and one of the best works of world literature. It was given the nickname “Prince of Wits.
Charles John Huffam Dickens
Born in Portsmouth, England on February 7, 1812
He was a famous English novelist, one of the best known of the literature, and principal of the Victorian era. He knew masterfully handle writing fiction, humor and irony, and a climactic acute social criticism. In his work are the descriptions of people and places, both real and imagined. Sometimes used the pseudonym Boz. Most of Dickens’ masterpieces were written in monthly or weekly newspapers, such as Master Humphrey’s Clock and Household Words, later reprinted in books.
It is a fictional universe of Star Wars Astromech droid to be a counterpart and friend of C3PO.
R2-D2 belonged to the defense forces on Naboo Veruna served King during his term. This droid has always been housed in the Naboo Royal Starship, like other congeners with simple function to repair any part of the ship and assist as mariners. R2-D2 belonged to a class of robots called drones astromech (Astro droids) that were well known and appreciated throughout the galaxy.
R2-D2 he saved the life of Queen Padmé Amidala while escaping a blockade of the Trade Federation, and accompanied her for the rest of his trip to Tatooine and Coruscant. When resumed Naboo, R2-D2 was lodged in the small space fighter space navigator who used Anakin Skywalker to venture into the depths of the main body of the Federation of Commerce and destroy it into pieces.
Greek poet. In the words of Hegel, Homer is “the element in which the Greek world lived as man lives in the air.” Admired, imitated and quoted by all the poets, philosophers and Greek artists who followed, is the quintessential poet of classical literature. The older news about his birth place Homer in Chios, although since antiquity, seven cities competed to be his homeland: Masthead, Cumae, Ithaca Pylos, Argos, Athens, Izmir and the aforementioned Chios. For Simonides of Amorgos and Pindar, only the last two could claim the honor of being his birthplace.
Greek philosopher and mathematician. There is little news of the biography of Pythagoras that can be considered reliable, since their status as founder of a religious sect led the early emergence of a legendary tradition about him.
Pythagoras was the son of Mnesarchos and the first part of his life he lived at Samos, the island that left a few years before the implementation of the tyrant Polycrates, in 522 BC You may then traveled to Miletus, to visit later Phoenician and Egypt in the latter country, the birthplace of esoteric knowledge, is reputed to have studied the mysteries, as well as geometry and astronomy.
Pythagoras went to Babylon with after Cambyses there to learn arithmetic and musical knowledge of the priests. Pythagoreanism was a lifestyle inspired by the ascetic ideal and based on community property, whose main objective was the purification ritual of its members through the cultivation of knowledge in which music and mathematics played an important role . The path of this knowledge was philosophy, a term that, according to tradition, Pythagoras was first used in its literal sense of “love of wisdom.”
Pythagoras is also credited with having transformed the mathematics in a liberal education through the abstract formulation of their results, regardless of background material that were already known some of them, this is especially the case of the famous theorem that bears his name and establishes the relationship between the sides of a triangle, a list of practical use of which there is evidence from other pre-Greek civilizations.
Stoic philosopher. Rome was a slave of Epaphroditus, Nero’s freedman, and followed the lessons of the Stoic Musonius Rufus, once emancipated, he devoted himself to philosophy, especially ethics. With other philosophers had to leave Rome by decree of Diocletian. From his oral teaching, his disciple Arrian Enquiridión elaborated (or Manual) and Symposia, bold statement of the requirement to accept the need